The third largest Greek island and the eighth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. It has an area of 1,630 km˛ (630 square miles) with 320 kilometres (almost 200 miles) of sandy sun-drenched coastline.
The Island: Its population is approximately 90,000, a third of which lives in its capital, Mytilene, in the southeastern part of the island. The remaining population is distributed in small towns and villages. The largest towns are Kalloni, Gera Villages, Plomari, Agiasos, Eresos and Molyvos, the ancient Mythymna. Mytilene was founded in the 11th century BC by the family Penthilidae, who arrived from Thessaly, and ruled until the popular revolt (590–580 BC) led by Pittacus of
Geography: The island is mountainous with two large peaks, "Lepetymnos" (967 metres or 3176 feet) and "Olympus", of similar height, dominating its northern and central sections. The island’s volcanic origin is manifested in several hot springs.
Climate: The climate is mild Mediterranean. The mean annual temperature is 18°C (64°F), and the mean annual rainfall is 750 mm (29 in). Its exceptional sunshine makes it one of the sunniest islands in the Aegean Sea. Snow and very low temperatures are rare.
History: According to Classical Greek mythology, Lesbos was the patron god of the island. Macar is reputed as being the first king whose many "daughters" bequeathed their names to some of the present larger towns. In Classical myth his "sister", Canace, was killed to have him made king. The place names with female origins are likely to be much earlier settlements named after local goddesses, who were replaced by gods. Homer refers to the island as "Macaros edos", the seat of Macar. Hittite records from the Late Bronze Age name the island Lazpas and must have considered its population significant enough to allow the residents to "borrow their gods" (presumably idols) to cure of their king when the local gods were not forthcoming.
Based on the north coast of Lesvos, Anaxos is perfectly placed right next to the pituresque sea front village of Petra and the fishing port and bustling town of
Anaxos is part of the municipality of Petra in the North West of Lesvos. The region combines exceptional natural beauties: olive groves and forests with pines, oak-trees, cypress-trees as well as fruit-bearing trees, traditional stone built mountain villages with running waters and rich vegetation, but also seaside modern summer holiday settlements with sandy beaches and crystal waters.
The long sandy beach of Anaxos near PLAZA PALACE Hotel
The beach is sandy and very good for swimming and there is a good array of restaurants along the beach road, which cater for all tastes.
There is a frequent bus service in the summer, which travels between Anaxos, Petra,
MolIvos and Eftalou, enabling the visitor to easily visit these other places during their stay.