LESVOS (LESBOS) ISLAND
Its population is approximately 90,000, a third of which lives in its capital, Mytilene. Also the remaining population is in small towns and villages. The largest towns are Kalloni, Gera Villages, Plomari, Agiasos, Eresos and Molyvos, the ancient Mythymna. Penthilidae family found Mytilene in the 11th century BC, who arrived from Thessaly, and ruled until the popular revolt (590–580 BC) led by Pittacus of Mytilene.
The island is mountainous with two large peaks, “Lepetymnos” (967 metres or 3176 feet) and “Olympus”, of similar height, dominating its northern and central sections. The island manifests volcanic origin in several hot springs.
Climate: The climate is mild Mediterranean. The mean annual temperature is 18°C (64°F), and the mean annual rainfall is 750 mm (29 in). Its exceptional sunshine makes it one of the sunniest islands in the Aegean Sea. Snow and very low temperatures are rare.
According to Classical Greek mythology, Lesbos was the patron god of the island. Macar is reputed as being the first king whose many “daughters” bequeathed their names to some of the present larger towns. In Classical myth his “sister”, Canace, is killed to have him made king. The place names with female origins are likely to be much earlier settlements named after local goddesses, who are replaced by gods. Homer refers to the island as “Macaros edos”, the seat of Macar. Hittite records from the Late Bronze Age name the island Lazpas and must have considered its population significant enough to allow the residents to “borrow their gods” (presumably idols) to cure of their king when the local gods were not forthcoming.